Presentation on "Variations in Work-Sleep Schedules: From the View of the Industrial Worker."
NIOSH 1981 Jul:393-396
Problems encountered in shiftwork (SW) were discussed using various groups within the Communications Workers of America (CWA) labor union as examples. SW became a necessity because of demands made by capital intensive industries and public service industries such as shopping centers and hospitals. SW interfered with normal social activities and family life. Second and third shift workers received partial compensation for these interferences in the forms of extra pay, better opportunity to engage in additional employment, and in finding commercial activities more accessible. Evening 6 hour long shifts were quite desirable, while split shifts were least attractive. SW interfered with worker's health and well being. Sleep and eating schedules were irregular. Mental disturbances, such as tension, nervousness, and irritability, were evident. Personality traits and age were moderating factors. Health problems usually increased with age, but the attitude toward work and home improved with age. In addition to an individual's personal characteristics, social factors environment could change the perception of self esteem. The author concludes that practices negotiated in collective bargaining may have a moderating effect on SW in the future. Scientific data are needed to establish whether or not permanent shift assignments are better than rotating SW. Simultaneous rotation of workers and supervisors who work together would be an alternative if fixed schedules were unattainable. The feeling of isolation could be diminished by improved communication with all employees. A shorter work day without a pay reduction has been the goal of the CWA.
Shift-work; Job-stress; Psychological-factors; Psychophysiology; Communication-workers; Sociological-factors; Mental-health; Health-protection;
The Twenty-Four Hour Workday: Proceedings of a Symposium on Variations in Work-Sleep Schedules, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-127