HHE Report No. HETA-85-039-1723, E.L. Smithe Machine Company, Duncansville, Pennsylvania.
NIOSH 1986 Aug:31 pages
The International Association of Machinists Local 2348 requested an investigation of reported skin rashes and headaches associated with cutting and cooling oils and solvents used in the machine shop of the Smithe Machine Company (SIC-3549), Duncansville, Pennsylvania. Cutting oils in use were not regularly changed. Headaches, dizziness, and respiratory complaints were considered by workers to be caused by exposure to SuperSolve-S, used on finished machines in a spray form. Some areas of the facility had low humidity and high temperature readings which increased the irritant qualities of the contaminants. No fresh air was brought in by the ventilation system. Of 62 employees interviewed, 42 (68 percent) had experienced skin problems occurring on their hands and arms including red skin, dry skin, cracked skin, or itchy skin, related to chemical exposures at the workplace. Xerosis, lichenification, or eczema of the hands and arms was noted on examination of 17 employees of the Lathe Department and 18 of those from the Milling Department, 63 and 60 percent of the workforce in each department, respectively. Respiratory and neurological complaints were also found among these employees. The author concluded that the incidence of hand and arm xerosis and eczema in workers in the machining area may be associated with exposure to cutting oils. The author recommends that changes be made to minimize skin exposure and provide adequate ventilation and humidification.
NIOSH-Author; HETA-85-039-1723; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-3; Hazard-Confirmed; Organic-solvents; Skin-exposure; Skin-disorders;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-85-039-1723, 31 pages, 28 references