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Conference on medical screening and biological monitoring for the effects of exposure in the workplace, July 1984, Part II.

Authors
Anonymous
Source
J Occup Med 1986 Oct; 28(10):901-1126
NIOSHTIC No.
00164612
Abstract
The papers presented at the Conference on Medical Screening and Biological Monitoring for the Effects of Exposure in the Workplace (July 1984) reflected problems associated with medical screening and biomonitoring for the effects of occupational exposure. There were three primary topics considered at the conference. The first dealt with the legal, social and ethical issues related to medical screening and medical monitoring. In this topic, selection screening, the problem of proving work incapacity and the ethical issues related to establishing such proof, value of screening data, and the right of a person to work versus the public interest were emphasized. The second topic concerned issues in assessment and evaluation of screening programs. The exercise tolerance test as a screening test in coronary heart disease, use of chest radiography for low back pain screening, screening for bladder cancer, diagnostic techniques for use in certain diseases, including neuropathies, hepatotoxicity, renal diseases, dermatologic screening, damage to germ cells and genetic damage from exposure to benzo(a)pyrene (50328), computerized screening for neurobehavioral changes in the workplace, detection of early pregnancy and fetal loss, screening workers for ability to use respirators, and respiratory function tests in the screening of workers were emphasized. Occupational ecogenetics, with emphasis on the testing of genetic susceptibility, interactions between genes and environment in the workplace, epidemiological use of genetic screening in the workplace, chromosome alterations as markers of exposure and effect, and immunoassays to adducts of benzo(a)pyrene and DNA in the biomonitoring of workers exposed to carcinogens, comprised the third major topic of the conference. Several definitions of screening were offered, which emphasized the different points of view among the participants.
Keywords
JOCMA7; Occupational-exposure; Genetic-factors; Biological-monitoring; Risk-factors; Screening-methods; Medical-screening; Exposure-levels; Occupational-health-programs; NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-211-86-0005
CODEN
JOCMA7
CAS No.
50-32-8
Publication Date
19861001
Document Type
Journal Article
Editors
Mason-TJ; Prorok-PC; Costlow-RD
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-155438
NTIS Price
A12
Identifying No.
Contract-211-86-0005
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0096-1736
Source Name
Journal of Occupational Medicine
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