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HHE Report No. HETA-85-041-1709. City of Columbus Refuse Derived Fuel Power Plant, Columbus, Ohio.

Authors
Ahrenholz-SH
Source
NIOSH 1986 Jul:61 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00163590
Abstract
As a result of a request from the City of Columbus, Ohio, potential for heat stress along with exposure to chemical contaminants and airborne microbial pollutants was investigated at the city refuse derived fuel powerplant (SIC-4931, SIC-4953). Health hazards existed from lead (7439921) and silica exposures for workers involved in handling ash. Low levels of exposure to chromium (7440473), chromium-VI, cadmium (7440439), and nickel (7440020) were noted. Excessive heat stress occurred during the maintenance activities in hot areas of the facility. Airborne microbial contamination levels in the refuse handling areas indicated that exposure hazards existed by both the inhalation and ingestion routes. Human pathogens may be present in the microbial pollutants. The author recommends that the use of engineering controls be instituted to lessen the exposure of employees to lead. In the power plant area and in the refuse handling area, eating, drinking, and the carrying or use of tobacco products or cosmetics should be prohibited. Use of dry sweeping or compressed air cleaning of surfaces to remove dust must be discontinued. Vacuuming or wet removal of dust particles should be used instead. At material transfer points, where dust exposure can be a real problem, it is recommended that enclosures be built. Single use disposable dust respirators are not recommended. Recommended methods for controlling heat stress include modification of environmental heat exchange components, work schedule modifications, protective clothing, worker education, and preplacement and periodic medical surveillance.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-85-041-1709; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Dust-exposure; Dust-inhalation; Dust-control; Dust-particles; Cadmium-dust; Lead-poisoning; Coal-dust; Electric-power-generation;
CAS No.
7439-92-1; 7440-47-3; 7440-43-9; 7440-02-0;
Publication Date
19860701
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-117073
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
HETA-85-041-1709
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
SIC Code
4931; 4953;
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-85-041-1709, 61 pages, 34 references
State
OH;
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