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HHE Report No. HETA-85-030-1693, Fruehauf Corporation - Parts Plant, Delphos, Ohio.

Authors
Gorman-R; Ehrenberg-R
Source
NIOSH 1986 Jun:24 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00163539
Abstract
A request was received from union and management at the Fruehauf Corporations Parts Facility (SIC-3549) in Delphos, Ohio to evaluate possible exposures to total welding fume, metals, carbon-monoxide (630080), oxides of nitrogen, and ozone (10028156) during welding operations. Total welding fume concentrations in 32 personal breathing zone samples ranged from 1.5 to 23.4 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3). Nine area samples ranged from 0.4 to 3.7mg/m3. Three sample results exceeded OSHA standard of 15mg/m3. Iron (7439896) was the predominant metal found. Measurable quantities of aluminum (7429905), chromium (7440473), copper (7440508), magnesium (7439954), manganese (7439965), molybdenum (7439987), nickel (7440020), lead (7439921), tin (7440315), and vanadium (7440622) were found. Results of a questionnaire, given to 33 of the 92 welders, indicated a relatively high prevalence of reported symptoms of mucous membrane and respiratory tract irritation, including eye irritation, sinus/nasal congestion, headaches, throat irritation and cough. Cigarette smoking was high among the welders, but symptoms could not be totally related to that cause. The authors conclude that welding fumes and paint vapors were potential health hazards and caused short term health effects. The authors recommend that welding fume exposures should be controlled by local ventilation where feasible. The use of respirators for protection against welding fumes should not be viewed as a long term control measure.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HETA-85-030-1693; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Respiratory-irritants; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Nitrogen-oxides; Welding-industry; Welders; Metal-industry-workers; Metal-workers; Hazards-Confirmed;
CAS No.
630-08-0; 10028-15-6; 7439-89-6; 7429-90-5; 7440-47-3; 7440-50-8; 7439-95-4; 7439-96-5; 7439-98-7; 7440-02-0; 7439-92-1; 7440-31-5; 7440-62-2;
Publication Date
19860601
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-107033
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-85-030-1693
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
SIC Code
3549;
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-85-030-1693, 24 pages, 12 references
State
OH;
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