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Industrial Hygiene Summary Report. Occupational Exposure To Polychlorinated Biphenyls At Six Commercial Facilities.

Authors
Roberts-DR
Source
NIOSH 1986 Apr:47 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00159447
Abstract
A survey of occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was conducted. Personal and area samples were analyzed for PCBs at six facilities: a producer of PCBs, an electrical transformer manufacturer, a renovator of transformers, and three electrical capacitor manufacturers (SIC-3941). Average personal exposures ranged from 30.5 to 640 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3), the highest exposure occurring at a manufacturer of large and small capacitors utilizing Arochlor-1016 (12674112). The OSHA standard for PCBs containing 42 percent chlorine is 1 milligram/m3. The NIOSH recommended standard is 1microg/m3. Average area exposures ranged from 34 to 237microg/m3. The facilities with the highest average exposures tended to have a greater number of PCB handling operators. The author concludes that airborne PCB exposures at the facilities were generally below the OSHA standards, but exceeded the NIOSH standard. Recommendations include supplying workers handling PCBs daily with clean work clothes from the skin out, requiring all workers to shower at the end of a shift, and prohibiting eating in work areas.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Chemical-factory-workers; Exposure-levels; Pulmonary-congestion; Respiration; Exposure-limits; IWS-95-5;
CAS No.
12674-11-2;
Publication Date
19860401
Fiscal Year
1986
NTIS Accession No.
PB87-101754
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
IWS-95-5
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
SIC Code
3941;
Source Name
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, 47 pages, 19 references
State
OH;
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