Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Epidemiology of chronic lung disease in a cotton mill community.

Authors
Bouhuys-A; Schoenberg-JB; Beck-GJ; Schilling-RS
Source
Lung 1976 Dec; 154(1):167-186
NIOSHTIC No.
00155571
Abstract
Chronic lung disease was studied among cotton textile workers. White male and female cotton workers, aged 45 and older, were questioned about respiratory symptoms. The duration of employment was recorded. Retired workers were included in the study population and all were identified by occupation as carders, spinners, yarn preparers, weavers, or employed in other jobs. A comparison group was taken from white residents of towns without cotton mills after excluding those with respiratory symptoms. Maximum expiratory flow volume curves were recorded for subjects and comparisons. Smoking habits were determined for all. Textile workers of both sexes, irrespective of age, had excess chronic cough, wheezing, dyspnea and other symptoms when compared with the references group. Symptom prevalence did not differ significantly between job categories. Smoking was an additional significant variable for all symptoms except dyspnea. There were observed decrements of lung function among the textile workers. The excess risk of loss of lung function was seen in workers in yarn preparing, weaving, carding, and spinning, but not in the other more dust free jobs. In all smoking categories textile workers had more impaired lung function than comparisons. Retired men has a significantly greater loss of lung function than those still working. The authors conclude that cotton workers are at risk of having chronic respiratory symptoms and lung function loss as well as the acute symptoms identified as byssinosis.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Inhalants; Air-sampling; Respiration; Lung; Analytical-models; Emission-sources; Lung-function; Workplace-studies; Quantitative-analysis
CODEN
LUNGD9
Publication Date
19761201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
513539
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1977
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00304
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0341-2040
Source Name
Lung
State
CT
Performing Organization
John B Pierce Fdn Lab 290 Congress Avenue New Haven, Conn 06519
TOP