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A retrospective cohort mortality study of a phosphate fertilizer production facility.

Authors
Stayner-LT; Meinhardt-T; Lemen-R; Bayliss-D; Herrick-R; Reeve-GR; Smith-AB; Halperin-W
Source
Arch Environ Health 1985 May; 40(3):133-138
NIOSHTIC No.
00152611
Abstract
The mortality rate of workers at a phosphate (14265442) fertilizer production facility (SIC-5191) was studied with special emphasis on deaths from lung cancer. A total of 3,199 workers employed at such a facility was investigated from date of employment to date of death or to December, 1977. Death certificates were examined to determine cause of death, and standardized mortality ratios were calculated according to race and sex. Overall, no statistically significant elevations in cause specific mortality were observed for the entire study population. When the analysis was stratified by duration of employment, a statistically significant excess in lung cancer mortality was observed among workers with more than 10 years of employment. A slight excess of lung cancer incidence was also found among black male workers. The authors conclude that other investigations should be held in facilities with similar exposures in order to clarify whether an occupationally related lung cancer excess truly exists.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Breathing; Chemical-industry-workers; Occupational-exposure; Airborne-particles; Health-standards; Chemical-analysis; Toxicology; Lung-lesions
CODEN
AEHLAU
CAS No.
14265-44-2
Publication Date
19850501
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0003-9896
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
5191
Source Name
Archives of Environmental Health
State
OH
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