HHE Report No. HETA-83-075-1559, United Catalysts, Inc. - West Plant, Louisville, Kentucky.
NIOSH 1985 Feb:60 pages
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for nickel (7440020), copper (7440508), other metals, particulates, silica (7631869), ammonia (7664417), nitrogen oxides, and inorganic acids at United Catalysts, Incorporated, West facility (SIC-2819), Louisville, Kentucky in November, 1982, and March and June, 1983. The survey was requested by the Kentucky Department of Labor because of a potential high incidence of cancer in the workplace. Medical questionnaires were administered to 235 employees. Company pulmonary function test data and retirement and insurance death records were reviewed for a possible cancer excess. Twenty of 38 nickel samples exceeded the NIOSH recommended standard of 15 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3). Twelve of 38 copper samples exceeded the OSHA standard of 1,000microg/m3. The other substances were generally below their relevant standards. Seventy two percent of the employees reported having at least one of such symptoms as cough, nasal sores, itchy burning nose, and skin rash. Almost half of the pulmonary test results were abnormal. No significant excess of cancer was found. The authors conclude that a health hazard exists due to exposure to nickel and copper. Recommendations include establishing an employee education program about workplace hazards and improving the respiratory protection and engineering controls program.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Industrial-environment; Region-4; Pulmonary-disorders; Air-contamination; Trace-analysis; Air-sampling; HETA-83-075-1559;
7440-02-0; 7440-50-8; 7631-86-9; 7664-41-7;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-83-075-1559, 60 pages, 30 references