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Control of air contaminants in tire manufacturing.

Authors
McKinnery-WN Jr.; Heitbrink-WA
Source
NIOSH 1984 May; :1-135
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00151380
Abstract
The control of air contaminants in tire manufacturing factories (SIC- 2822) is reviewed. Controlling air contaminants decreases worker exposure to pollutants. An overview of occupational exposures from tire manufacturing operations is outlined. The engineering control strategy is summarized. General work practices and recommendations to improve conditions or to minimize hazards are discussed. The observed importance of work practices is described. Challenges in the implementation of proper work practices are discussed. Results of 13 preliminary surveys in tire manufacturing factories, particularly in different areas of processing, compounding, banbury loading, milling and curing, and tread cementing are outlined. Limits are set by NIOSH and are given as time weighted averages for occupational exposure to the air contaminants benzene (71432), carbon-black (1333864), heptane (142825), hexane (110543), pentane (109660), toluene (108883), xylene (1330207), talc(14807966), alkanes with five to eight carbons, rubber solvent, nuisance dust, asbestos (1332214), petroleum distillate, and refined petroleum solvents. These values are compared with values set by OSHA and other government agencies. The authors conclude that adherence to recommendations made to improve worker practices and operations to maintain NIOSH standards will reduce worker hazards in tire manufacturing factories.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Industrial-chemicals; Synthetic-rubbers; Toxic-vapors; Toxic-gases; Protective-measures; Safety-practices; Health-protection; Organic-vapors; Exposure-limits
CAS No.
71-43-2; 1333-86-4; 142-82-5; 110-54-3; 109-66-0; 108-88-3; 1330-20-7; 14807-96-6; 1332-21-4
Publication Date
19840501
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
1984
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-173573
NTIS Price
A08
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 84-111
NIOSH Division
DPSE
SIC Code
2822
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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