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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-025-1413, American Transportation Corporation, Conway, Arkansas.

Authors
Zey-JN; Aw-T-C
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-025-1413, 1984 Jan; :1-51
NIOSHTIC No.
00149698
Abstract
Exposures to lead (7439910), hexavalent-chromium (18540299), total particulates, and organic solvents were investigated in February 1982 at American Transportation Corporation (SIC-3711), Conway, Arkansas. Evaluation was requested by the United Auto Workers, Local 1762, on behalf of workers complaining of dermatitis and eye, nose, throat, and respiratory irritations. Area and personal air samples were collected. Medical questionnaires, blood lead tests, and liver and kidney function tests were completed by 57 exposed workers. Four of five samples for hexavalent-chromium exceeded the OSHA limit of 0.1 milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3); four of eight lead samples exceeded the 0.05mg/m3 OSHA standard. For total particulates, two of eight samples exceeded the OSHA limit of 15mg/m3. Exposures to organic solvents were all within acceptable limits. Deficiencies were noted in the respiratory and hearing protection programs, and in the paint booth ventilation system. Numerous safety hazards were also found: smoking around solvents, open solvent containers, and poor housekeeping. Dermatitis incidence was greater among the exposed workers, and there was evidence of toluene (108883) absorption. Blood lead values were normal. The authors conclude that potential hazards exist from lead and hexavalent-chromium; general health and safety hazards are also present. They recommend improved work and hygiene practices.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Automotive-industry; Region-6; Industrial-exposures; Lead-dusts; Otolaryngologic-disorders; Dermatitis; Hexavalent-chromium-compounds; Airborne-particles; HETA-82-025-1413; Author Keywords: Motor Vehicle and Passenger Car Bodies; hexavalent chromium; lead; toluene; xylene; chemical storage; dermatitis
CAS No.
7439-91-0; 18540-29-9; 108-88-3
Publication Date
19840101
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1984
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-179372
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
HETA-82-025-1413
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3711
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
AR; KS; OH
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