Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-79-040-1381, Pennwalt Corporation, Portland, Oregon.

Authors
Apol-A; Frederick-L; Wilcox-T
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 79-040-1381, 1983 Oct; :1-28
NIOSHTIC No.
00149673
Abstract
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for chlorine (7782505) (Cl), asbestos (1332214), and chromium (7440473) and nickel (7440020) welding fumes at Pennwalt Corporation (SIC-2812), Portland, Oregon in March, September, and October 1979, and April 1980. Evaluation was requested by the International Chemical Workers Union to evaluate possible work related pulmonary disease and excess morbidity and mortality from cancer and heart disease among employees. Medical questionnaires were administered to 150 workers. Company medical records were examined. Cl concentrations ranged from 0.01 to over 1.5 parts per million (ppm). The OSHA standard is 0.5ppm. Asbestos and welding fume exposures were below the OSHA standards. Company records showed no evidence of an increased incidence of abnormal chest X-rays, electrocardiograms or pulmonary function tests. No evidence of an excessive incidence of heart disease was found. The authors conclude that there is no work related excessive incidence of pulmonary or heart disease. The number of cancer deaths is too small to determine if there is a significantly increased incidence. Recommendations include use of NIOSH approved cartridge respirators, and local exhaust ventilation in welding operations.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Region-10; Metal-fumes; Breathing-zone; Industrial-exposures; Halogens; HETA-79-040-1381; Author Keywords: Chemicals and Allied Products--Alkalies and Chlorine; asbestos; chlorine; chromium; nickel; cancer; heart disease; pulmonary disease
CAS No.
7782-50-5; 1332-21-4; 7440-47-3; 7440-02-0
Publication Date
19831001
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1984
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-178564
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-79-040-1381
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2812
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OR; OH
TOP