HHE Report No. HETA-81-187-1417, Armco Incorporated, Baltimore, Maryland.
McAuley-DB; Jannerfeldt-E; Ahrenholz-S
NIOSH 1984 Feb:17 pages
A mortality analysis of the Armco Incorporated stainless steel mill (SIC-3312), Baltimore, Maryland was conducted in February 1981. The evaluation was requested because of concern of a possible increased incidence of cancer among employees exposed to metal fumes, solvents, gases, and cutting oils. No environmental sampling was done. A total of 163 death certificates for the period 1973 to 1977 were examined. Analyses were performed to determine the specific causes of death and to compare the proportions of the different causes of death with an age adjusted standard United States population. Grinders, a subgroup of employees more heavily exposed to chromium (7440473) (Cr) and nickel (7440020) (Ni), were analyzed separately to determine their mortality rate in comparison with the rest of the factory. Thirty nine cancer deaths occurred. No significantly increased incidence of cancer in general or of any specific type was observed in the factory as a whole or in the grinding department. The authors conclude that there is no evidence that employees of the facility have an increased risk of cancer. Because of the carcinogenicity of Ni and Cr compounds, it is recommended that exposure to these substances be maintained as low as possible.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Steelmaking-industry; Region-3; Stainless-steel; Cancer-rates; Mortality-surveys; Industrial-exposures; HETA-81-187-1417;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-81-187-1417, 17 pages, 16 references