Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

HHE Report No. HETA-85-052-1623, Alaska Native Hospital, Anchorage, Alaska.

Authors
Apol-A
Source
NIOSH 1985 Sep:14 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00144606
Abstract
Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for formaldehyde (50000), ethanol (64175), and xylene (1330207) at the Alaska Native Hospital (SIC-8071), Anchorage, Alaska, in November, 1984 and March, 1985. The evaluation was requested by the Environmental Health Section of the Indian Health Service to determine employee exposure to the compounds in the histology laboratory. The employees were interviewed regarding current and past adverse health effects. Exposures to the pathologist were: formaldehyde, 0.50 to 1.23 parts per million (ppm); ethanol, 8.2ppm; and xylene, 0.5ppm. A technician was exposed to 3.9ppm xylene. The OSHA standards are: formaldehyde, 3ppm; ethanol, 1,000ppm; and xylene, 100ppm. General air concentrations were: ethanol, 9.6ppm; xylene, 1.3ppm; and formaldehyde, 0.4ppm. During tissue examination, formaldehyde concentrations ranged up to 0.81ppm. The pathologist reported eye irritation and tearing. The author concludes that the pathologist is potentially exposed to toxic concentrations of formaldehyde. Ethanol and xylene do not present a health hazard. Recommendations include designing and installing a new local exhaust system where gross tissue examinations are conducted, performing tissue examinations in a hood, and informing all employees of the hazards of formaldehyde, which is considered a potential carcinogen by NIOSH.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Medical-facilities; Region-10; Environmental-factors; Breathing-zone; Exposure-levels; Air-sampling; HETA-85-052-1623;
CAS No.
50-00-0; 64-17-5; 1330-20-7;
Publication Date
19850901
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
PB86-192630
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-85-052-1623
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
SIC Code
8071;
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-85-052-1623, 14 pages, 5 references
State
AK; OH;
TOP