Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

In vitro effects of benzene metabolites on mouse bone marrow stromal cells.

Authors
Gaido-K; Wierda-D
Source
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1984 Oct; 76(1):45-55
NIOSHTIC No.
00141061
Abstract
The effects of benzene (71432) metabolites on bone marrow stromal cells were investigated in-vitro. Bone marrow cell suspensions were prepared from male B6C3F1-mice and cultured with hydroquinone (123319), benzoquinone (106514), catechol (120809), phenol (108952), and 1,2,4-benzenetriol (533733) at concentrations from 0.0000015 to formed in the presence of these metabolites was determined and compared with values from untreated stromal cell cultures. Stromal cells exposed to metabolites at these same concentrations were also cultured simultaneously with fresh bone marrow cells in agar to measure the effect on the ability of stromal cells to support growth of granulocyte monocyte colony forming cells. Phenol was only effective at the highest dose, where it caused a 42 to 54 percent reduction in the number of colonies formed. Hydroquinone and benzoquinone had dose related effects. Hydroquinone completely inhibited cell growth at concentrations above 0.0000125mole, and benzoquinone had the same effect at a concentration of 0.00005mol. At a concentration of 0.00005mol catechol decreased colony formation 40 percent, but greater concentrations had similar effects. 1,2,4- Benzenetriol induced a 15 to 35 percent increase in colony formation at a concentration of 0.0000031mol, but further increases in the dose produced colony numbers equal to those for controls. In the simultaneous culture system, stromal cell exposure to hydroquinone and benzoquinone produced dose dependent decreases in granulocyte monocyte colonies. 1,2,4-Benzenetriol and catechol were not effected at lower doses, but at 0.0001mol they reduced granulocyte monocyte colony formation to 45 and 20 percent of control values, respectively. The authors conclude that benzene metabolites are toxic to mouse bone marrow stromal cells in-vitro. Metabolites are toxic in this decreasing order: hydroquinone, benzoquinone, 1,2,4- benzenetriol, catechol, and phenol.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Bone-marrow; Metabolites; Organic-solvents; Mammalian-cells; In-vitro-studies; Cell-cultures; Cell-growth; Quinones; Phenols; Dose-response; Comparative-toxicology
Contact
Pharmacology and Toxicology West VA Univ Medical Center Dept of Pharmacology & Toxicol Morgantown, W VA 26506
CODEN
TXAPA9
CAS No.
71-43-2; 123-31-9; 106-51-4; 120-80-9; 108-95-2; 533-73-3
Publication Date
19841001
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
208089
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-01542
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0041-008X
Priority Area
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
Source Name
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
State
WV
Performing Organization
West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
TOP