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HHE report no. HETA-82-310-1475, Hill-Murray High School, Maplewood, Minnesota.

Authors
Orris-P; Kominsky-JR
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-310-1475, 1984 Jun; :1-26
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00139227
Abstract
Exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and chlorinated benzenes were surveyed on June 23 and 24, and July 14 to 20, 1982 at Hill Murray High School (SIC-9224, SIC-4911) in Maplewood, Minnesota. The evaluation was requested by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency and the Minnesota Department of Health on behalf of 61 individuals present when a power transformer overheated and vented 50 gallons of dielectric fluid into the transformer vault. Surface and air samples were collected, and medical questionnaires and blood and urine tests were given to the potentially exposed individuals. Within 40 hours of the incident airborne PCB concentrations ranged from 50 to 90 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3) inside the vaults, and measured 20microg/m3 immediately outside the vault. The NIOSH recommended exposure limit is 1microg/m3. Trichlorobenzene (12002481) and tetrachlorobenzene (12408105) concentrations did not exceed available recommended limits. Decontamination procedures effectively reduced surface PCB concentrations. The exposed individuals reported symptoms such as itching, skin irritation, fatigue, and headache during the week after the incident occurred. No increases in blood PCB values were found, and urine chemistry was normal except for a transient, subacute elevation of some hepatic enzymes. The authors conclude that a potential acute exposure hazard occurred at the time of the transformer overheating incident. They recommend institution of five hazard inspection and preventive maintenance programs.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Education; Region-5; Polychlorinated-biphenyls; Decontamination; Electrical-equipment; Air-samples; Chlorinated-benzenes; HETA-82-310-1475
CAS No.
12002-48-1; 12408-10-5
Publication Date
19840601
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1984
NTIS Accession No.
PB85-184166
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-82-310-1475
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
9224; 4911
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MN; OH
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