Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Respiratory disease hazards of swine confinement workers, final report.

Authors
Donham-KJ; Berry-C; Burmeister-L; Dague-R; Frank-C; Knapp-LW; Leininger-J; Richerson-H; Zavala-D
Source
University of Iowa, Iowa City Iowa 1982 Apr; :1-164
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00134966
Abstract
Respiratory disease among swine confinement (SIC-0279) workers is reviewed. Components of confinement systems include enclosed structures that accommodate many animals in a relatively small space; ventilation systems for control of the internal environment; systems for watering and feeding livestock; and systems for handling animal wastes. Implications for occupational health are considered. A research plan is presented to define and characterize the clinical response of workers, to characterize gas and particulate exposure, to investigate mechanisms to control exposures in the work environment, and to perform animal studies to predict potential chronic pathological effects on the human respiratory tract. A health hazard recognition study shows potential respiratory hazards to farmers and agricultural workers. Case studies of acute toxic exposures to hydrogen-sulfide (7783064) in swine confinement operations, potential hazards of carbon-monoxide (630080) to female confinement workers, and the use of swine as monitors of carbon- monoxide in the work environment are examined. A case control study of chronic respiratory disease in workers and the effects of environmental challenges on pulmonary function tests are presented. Studies of chronic respiratory hazards in rabbits and guinea-pigs are also cited. Environmental evaluations are reported for air measurement and analysis for gases and particulates inside swine confinement buildings.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Safety-research; Safety-measures; Occupational-exposure; Employee-exposure; Air-contamination; Toxic-gases; Cattle-industry
CAS No.
7783-06-4; 630-08-0
Publication Date
19820401
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
154685
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-241512
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00825
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
University of Iowa, Iowa City Iowa
State
IA
Performing Organization
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa Inst Agric Med & Environ Hlth Oakdale, Iowa 52319
TOP