Comprehensive safety recommendations for land-based oil and gas well drilling.
NIOSH 1983 Sep; :1-168
Safety hazards during the drilling of land based oil and gas wells are reviewed. The general structure of the oil and gas field industry (SIC-1381) is described. Well drilling technology and processes are outlined. Special hazards that can cause catastrophic accidents are examined. These consist of blow-outs and escape of hydrogen-sulfide (7783064). Drilling activities and the worker population at risk are discussed. Statistical data concerning oil and gas well drilling activities are presented. Hazard assessments of the oil and gas well drilling industries are discussed. Injury incidence rates and fatality statistics are summarized. Hazardous tasks performed in well drilling operations are noted. Handling of drill pipes, collars, and casings have been found to be responsible for more injuries than any other job activity. Task specific accidents are examined. General safety recommendations for oil and gas well drilling are considered. Safety guidelines for well drilling machinery and equipment are presented and safe work practices are described. Selected accident case histories are summarized and state, federal, international, and consensus safety statements are discussed. A glossary of terms used in the oil and gas well drilling industry is included.
NIOSH-Author; Petroleum-industry; Industrial-hazards; Ergonomics; Engineering; Safety-practices; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-safety-programs
Numbered Publication; Criteria Document
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health