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Industrial Hygiene Assessment Of New Agents - III. Agent III - Paraquat, Report No. IWS-130-40.

Authors
Todd-AS
Source
NIOSH 1983 May:66 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00134740
Abstract
Occupational exposure to paraquat (4685147) was evaluated at a production facility and at two aerial spraying field operations in California. Air sampling was conducted with personal monitoring pumps. The paraquat was desorbed with sulfuric-acid solution, filtered, and determined colorimetrically using sodium-dithionite. During ground spraying operations, personnel operating spray vehicles, truck drivers pumping paraquat, and mixing personnel at the spraying facility were monitored for paraquat concentrations. At the manufacturing facility, airborne concentrations of paraquat ranged from 0.00112 milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3) for paraquat supervisors to 0.00772mg/m3 for lab technicians. At the packaging facility, worker exposure ranged from less than 0.0015mg/m3 for weighing station personnel to 0.0250mg/m3 for line wipers. At an aerial application site, exposure ranged from 0.0038 to 0.0192mg/m3 among flaggers. At the ground application site, paraquat exposure ranged from less than 0.0036mg/m3 among blenders to 0.0205mg/m3 for a floater operator. The monitored exposures ranged from short tasks to up to 16 hour periods of continuous operation. Both at manufacturing and field use locations, workers were found to exhibit reasonable prudence in handling of concentrated and spray materials. Elaborate personal protective procedures were in evidence. The careful practices were not observed at ground and aerial spraying applications. The author concludes that among those studied, typical exposure risks for paraquat appear to be minimal and well below the OSHA standard of 0.5mg/m3 as an 8 hour time weighted average. However, workers with occupational exposure to paraquat should receive pulmonary function and blood and liver function tests.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-78-0060; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Region-9; IWS-130-40; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-hazards; Health-hazards; Industrial-hygiene; Industrial-safety; Chemical-industry-workers; Exposure-levels;
CAS No.
4685-14-7;
Publication Date
19830501
Funding Type
Contract;
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-250519
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
IWS-130-40
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
Source Name
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Cincinnati, Ohio
State
CA; OH;
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