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HHE determination report no. HHE-79-91-660, Defiance Screw Machine, Defiance, Ohio.

Whittington-CV; Tharr-DG
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-91-660, 1980 Feb; :1-14
An evaluation of skin problems resulting from exposure to cutting oils and coolants was investigated at Defiance Screw Machine (SIC- 3452), Defiance, Ohio in June and October 2, 1979. The evaluation was requested by an unspecified person on behalf of approximately 200 workers. An initial walk through environmental survey was conducted in addition to performing medical evaluations of skin problems. Subjective assessments of personal and work area hygiene were made. Skin regularly contaminated from industrial fluids because of machine design or employee work habits were particularly noted. Eighty one employees from one shift were evaluated by a questionnaire and a complete cutaneous examination including past and present skin disorders. No laboratory tests were performed. Morphological patterns and affected sites were noted during cutaneous examination. Eight employees had a history of current skin disease attributed to work; 21 had one or more abnormal skin findings. All but one of the diagnoses were judged by the examiner as being caused by cuts from metal shavings, cuts retained in laundered wiping rags, and incidental trauma to the nails from noncutting oil skin problems. The investigators recommend that several improved work practices be implemented: minimizing skin contact through redesign of machinery, conducting preemployment physical examinations to screen skin disorders, changing and washing clothes frequently, use of barrier creams and disposable towels, and provision of adequate washing facilities.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Oil-industry; Hazards-Confirmed; Region-5; Disease-incidence; Dust-exposure; Employee-exposure; HHE-79-91-660; Author Keywords: cutting oils; skin lesions; coolants
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Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health