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Screening of Priority Chemicals for Reproductive Hazards.

Authors
Piccirillo-VJ; McCall-DL; Lunchick-C; Plankenhorn-LJ; Sexsmith-C
Source
NIOSH 1983 Jan:108 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00133673
Abstract
The reproductive toxicity of nine chemicals was evaluated. Pregnant CD-1-mice were treated daily by gavage on days 7 to 14 of gestation with one of the following chemicals: 3.5 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) of sodium-selenite (10102188), 100mg/kg of ethylene-thiourea (96457), 500mg/kg of 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol (112345) (2-BEE), 2955mg/kg of ethylene-glycol-diethyl-ether (629141) (EGDE), 5500mg/kg of diethylene-glycol-monoethyl-ether (111900) (DGME), 11270mg/kg of triethylene-glycol (112276) (TEG), 560mg/kg of aniline (62533), 1200mg/kg of p-nitroaniline (100016), or 365mg/kg of N,N- dimethyl-aniline (121697) (DMA). Maternal body weights, mortality and toxic symptoms were recorded. Litter size, litter weight, pup weight, and offspring viability were determined. Dams and pups were killed on day 4 postpartum for autopsy. No adverse effects were found for sodium-selenite, ethylene-thiourea, 2-BEE, TGE, or DMA. EGDE caused increased numbers of dead and resorbed litters, reduced pup weight, and reduced offspring viability. DGME was slightly toxic, but did not adversely affect reproductive outcome. Aniline significantly reduced offspring viability. With p-nitroaniline, maternal survival was reduced, maternal weight gain was decreased, the number of dead and resorbed litters was increased, and offspring viability was reduced.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Hazardous-materials; Reproductive-effects; Animal-studies; Comparative-toxicology; Toxicopathology; Pathomorphology; Medical-research; Mortality-data; Toxicology; Contract-210-81-6010;
CAS No.
10102-18-8; 96-45-7; 112-34-5; 629-14-1; 111-90-0; 112-27-6; 62-53-3; 100-01-6; 121-69-7;
Publication Date
19830104
Funding Type
Contract;
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-257600
NTIS Price
A07
Identifying No.
Contract-210-81-6010
NIOSH Division
DBBS;
Source Name
Experimental Toxicology Branch, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, PB83-257-600
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