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Terminal progress report. Skin effects of chemical exposure in rubber workers.

Authors
Hulka-BS
Source
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1982 Jan; :1-115
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00132282
Abstract
An epidemiologic study was conducted to investigate the incidence of skin cancer in the rubber and tire manufacturing industry (SIC-3069, SIC-3011). The association between squamous cell carcinoma and seven raw materials used in the industry was evaluated. All subjects were part of a retrospective cohort from two companies. Cases were obtained from tumor registries of hospitals and matched comparisons were selected from the cohort. A total of 86 skin cancer cases were identified; 31 from Company 1, and 55 from Company 2. More than 70 percent of the tumors from each company were squamous cell carcinomas. About 75 percent of workers from both companies were hired before 1930. Data for Company 1 supported a positive association between length of employment and squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell cases were employed for 5.2 years longer than comparisons. For Company 2, cases had shorter durations of employment than comparisons and employment duration was 2.3 years less for squamous cell cases. Materials positively associated with skin cancer in Company 1 were rubber stock, solvents, and lubricating oils. No strong associations with skin cancer were seen for any materials in Company 2.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Industrial-chemicals; Toxic-effects; Rubber-manufacturing-industry; Occupational-exposure; Employee-exposure; Safety-research; Skin-absorption
Publication Date
19820101
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
92236
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-240456
NTIS Price
A07
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-01023
NIOSH Division
OEP
SIC Code
3069; 3011
Source Name
University of North Carolina
State
NC
Performing Organization
Epidemiology University of North Carolina Occupational Hlth Studies Grp Chapel Hill, N C 27514
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