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Review and recommendations on possible future course in the area of neurotoxicity and neurological disorders as the result of work place exposure.

Authors
Silbergeld-EK
Source
NIOSH 1982 Jul; :1-27
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00131994
Abstract
The neurotoxic and neurological disorders resulting from workplace exposures are reviewed. The need for assessment, detection, and evaluation of adverse health effects in the work environment (particularly due to the presence of neurotoxins) is stressed. The limited epidemiological information available on human morbidity and mortality due to neurological psychiatric dysfunction, or diseases of the nervous system is noted. Techniques available for neurotoxicological study are presented. Studies of neural electrical activity, and of end organ responses to electrical events propagated along the nerve and across synaptic, ganglionic, and junctional connections are used for both central and peripheral nervous system evaluation. The usefulness of the electrophysiological methods is emphasized; a great deal of data can be produced with quantifiable output that represents the dynamic state of the nervous system. Behavioral neurotoxicology measures performance, cognition, personality, and mental states. Biochemical aspects of neurological function are discussed. Selection criteria for neurotoxicity tests and interpretation of results are assessed. The author recommends collection and evaluation of mortality and morbidity data for the major neuropsychiatric diseases, studies within the workplace, and explorations of exposures to known neurotoxins.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Health-hazards; Neurotoxicology; Exposure-levels; Disease-incidence; Workplace-studies; Physiological-response; Pathogenesis; Nervous-system-disorders
Publication Date
19820715
Document Type
Purchase Order Report
Funding Type
Purchase Order
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Purchase-Order-82-1746
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluation and Field Studies, NIOSH, P.O. 82-1746, 27 pages
State
OH
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