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HHE Report No. HETA-83-166-1594, Witco Chemical Corporation, Perth Amboy, New Jersey.

Authors
Cummings-CE; Roseman-J
Source
NIOSH 1985 May:46 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00131536
Abstract
Area and personal air samples were analyzed for ethylene-oxide (75218), glycols, and adipic-acid (124049) at the Witco Chemical Corporation (SIC-2816), Perth Amboy, New Jersey from November to December, 1983 and May, 1984. The evaluation was requested by the union to investigate possible health effects due to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), glycols, and ethylene-oxide. The evaluation was assigned to the New Jersey State Department of Health. Medical examinations which included spirometry testing and serum PCB determinations were given to 52 workers. Medical and work histories were obtained. Ethylene-oxide exposures averaged 0.7 to 7.1 parts per million (ppm). The OSHA standard for ethylene-oxide is 1.0ppm. Glycol concentrations averaged less than 0.7ppm. Adipic-acid concentrations ranged from 0.47 to 0.79 milligram per cubic meter. There are no federal standards for glycols and adipic-acid. Mucosal irritation and bronchitis were reported by 56 and 27 percent of the workers, respectively. One second forced expiratory volumes were significantly reduced. Serum PCB concentrations were elevated, but within the normal range. They were weakly correlated with systolic blood pressure and liver enzyme activities. The authors conclude that health hazards due to ethylene-oxide and airborne fatty acid exposures exist. Recommendations include improving ventilation and work practices and implementing an OSHA approved respirator program.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Hazards-Confirmed; Chemical-industry-workers; Region-2; Analytical-models; Exposure-limits; Temperature-measurement; Workers; HETA-83-166-1594;
CAS No.
75-21-8; 124-04-9;
Publication Date
19850501
Document Type
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance;
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
PB86-145638
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HETA-83-166-1594
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS;
SIC Code
2816;
Source Name
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-83-166-1594, 46 pages, 13 references
State
NJ; OH;
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