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Control Technology Assessment in the Pulp and Paper Industry.

Authors
Schoultz-K; Matthews-R; Yee-J; Haner-H; Overbaugh-J; Turner-S; Kearney-J
Source
NIOSH 1983 Apr:974 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00130213
Abstract
Effective control technologies used in the pulp and paper industry (SIC-2621) to prevent or minimize worker exposure to toxic chemicals and harmful physical stresses were evaluated and documented. The study included a literature review, preliminary mill surveys, and detailed surveys of selected major unit processes. The indepth surveys were conducted at 18 mills and resulted in 40 survey reports for one or more mill unit processes. These reports related to wood preparation, sulfite pulping and stock washing, Kraft pulping and stock washing, Kraft chemical recovery, multistage bleaching, bleach chemical preparation, and paper production. Over 1000 air samples were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of the control systems associated with these mill processes. The major workplace contaminants studied and methods for sampling and analysis were described. Among various findings, the authors note that chlorine (7782505) and chlorine-dioxide (10049044) concentrations were frequently high in chlorine-dioxide generator buildings, particularly during start ups, shut downs, and following collection of quality control samples.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-79-0008; Worker-health; Pulp-industry; Paper-manufacturing-industry; Paper-mills; Industrial-hygiene; Industrial-hazards; Safety-monitoring; Toxic-materials; Toxic-effects;
CAS No.
7782-50-5; 10049-04-4;
Publication Date
19830401
Funding Type
Contract;
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-151927
NTIS Price
A99
Identifying No.
Contract-210-79-0008
SIC Code
2621;
Source Name
NIOSH, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio
State
OH;
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