Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Occupational health case report-No. 5. Cutting oil mists.

Authors
Ramos-H
Source
J Occup Med 1974 Apr; 16(4):273-275
NIOSHTIC No.
00129420
Abstract
The dermatological effects of cutting oils were investigated in a tool manufacturing company (SIC-3546). An environmental evaluation was performed by a NIOSH investigation team. Samples of soap and cutting oils were obtained and analyzed for pH and acid milliequivalent needed for neutralization (the amount of acid required to reduce the pH to 7). Medical evaluations were performed on the skin of 41 workers. Of the workers, 11 had dermatitis and 10 reported similar problems in the past. Oil folliculitis and primary irritant dermatitis were found to be caused by two of the cutting oils used. The pH of the soap used was 9.4, with an acid milliequivalent of 20.4. Of the two offending cutting oil compounds, the pH of compound 3 was 8.7, and 8.6 in diluted form with 1.1 and 3.2 acid milliequivalents needed for neutralization, respectively. Compound 7 cutting oil was neutral. The author concludes that gloves, aprons, and protective clothing should be worn, surfaces should be kept free of oil, and waterless hand cleaners should be used. Irritating oils should be replaced with less toxic ones, and medical treatment should be sought if dermatitis occurs.
Keywords
JOCMA7; NIOSH-Author; Occupational-exposure; Allergic-reactions; Toxicology; Sensitivity-testing; Dermatology; Skin-tests; Case-studies; Toxic-effects; Industrial-hygiene
CODEN
JOCMA7
Publication Date
19740401
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1974
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0096-1736
SIC Code
3546
Source Name
Journal of Occupational Medicine
State
OH
TOP