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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-366-1248, West Foods, Ventura, California.

Authors
Coye-MJ; Belanger-PL; Matthias-CG
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-366-1248, 1983 Jan; :1-15
NIOSHTIC No.
00128194
Abstract
Exposures to pesticides were investigated at West Foods (SIC-0721) mushroom farm in Ventura, California. No date was provided. Evaluation was requested by a representative of the United Farm Workers of America AFL-CIO following an accident involving diazinone (333415) exposure of 18 cultivation workers. Several workers reported dermatitis due to vapona (62737) exposure. Work practices and materials were reviewed. Medical records of the diazinone exposed workers were evaluated, and interviews were conducted among eight workers with dermatologic problems. Workers used protective equipment and clothing during pesticide applications; however, respirators did not fit properly and were not routinely cleaned. No warning signs were used in areas of spray operations. Application procedures did not appear to increase exposure risk. Records of workers involved in the diazinone accident indicated organosphosphate poisoning. Contact irritant dermatitis was commonly found. The authors conclude that a pesticide exposure hazard exists at this facility. They recommend improvements in the respirator program, employee education, use of protective clothing, posting of pesticide warnings, and formaldehyde testing.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Employee-exposure; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Work-practices; Region-9; HETA-81-366-1248; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Crop Planting, Cultivating, and Protection; mushrooms; dermatitis; organophosphate; dithiocarbamate; Lindane; Vapona; malathion; methoxychlor; pyrethrin; zineb; benlate; cholinesterase; formaldehyde; pesticides
CAS No.
333-41-5; 62-73-7
Publication Date
19830101
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-172790
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-81-366-1248
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
0721
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
CA; OH
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