Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-79-139-966, Fulfex Rubber Company, Bristol, Rhode Island.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-139-966, 1982 Jun; :1-31
The high prevalence of pulmonary disability, rashes, and nose bleeds at the Fulflex Rubber Company (SIC-3060), Bristol, Rhode Island was investigated. Local 474 of the United Rubber Workers Union requested the survey which took place in November, 1979 and March, 1980. Bulk, general, and personal breathing zone samples were analyzed. Medical examinations of 63 out of 89 employees were conducted. Bulk samples contained a high concentration of talc, very little silica, and no asbestos. General airborne dust contained 0 to 1.2 milligrams per cubic meter of dust. Nitrosomorpholine (59892) and nitrosodiethylamine (55185) in heated rubber stock ranged from 0.92 to 5.9 micrograms per cubic meter, and nondetectable to 0.3 micrograms per cubic meter, respectively. Twenty one percent of 108 workers had signs of pneumoconiosis and another 22 percent had obstructive lung disease. Skin rashes occurred more often in the rubber milling area than in the finishing area and nose bleeds were reported by 13 workers. The authors conclude that evidence of respiratory impairment and decreased pulmonary function are due to past excessive exposures to airborne talc. Improvements in ventilation and engineering controls account for the reduction in talc exposure. The authors suggest that protective clothing, controlled handling of rubber additives, and routine cleaning and repair of ventilation equipment should decrease dermatological irritation.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Employee-exposure; Battery-manufacturing-industry; Arsenic-poisoning; Arsenic-compounds; Particulates; Particulate-sampling-methods; Heavy-metal-poisoning; Industrial-exposures; Urinalysis; Biochemical-tests; Region-1; HHE-79-139-966;
Author Keywords: Rubber Workers; talc; nitrosamines; antioxidants; pneumoconiosis; obstructive lung disease; smoking
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health