An etiological study of respiratory cancer among residents of coastal Texas is described. The study area encompasses 5 counties which were major shipbuilding centers during World War II and currently are the site of many petrochemical factories. Interviews will be conducted with about 2000 respiratory cancer patients or next of kin and 2000 comparison subjects selected from the general population and matched by sex, race, age, vital status, and county of residence. Information will be obtained on lifetime histories of residence, occupation, tobacco and alcohol consumption, medical history, and family history of cancer. The subjects' micronutrient intakes, including vitamin A, also will be determined. Cancer cases will include all white residents of the study area between the ages of 30 and 79 diagnosed as having lung cancer between July 1, 1976, and June 30, 1980, and all white males diagnosed with laryngeal cancer between July 1, 1975, and June 30, 1980. Hospital records, pathology reports, and state death certificate tapes will be used for case ascertainment. Interviewing was expected to start in August, 1980, and continue for 1 year, with preliminary results available late in 1981. No results or conclusions were available at the time the paper was presented.
Proceedings of the First NCI/EPA/NIOSH Collaborative Workshop: Progress on Joint Environmental and Occupational Cancer Studies, May 6-8, 1980, Rockville, Maryland, H. F. Kraybill, I. C. Blackwood, and N. B. Freas, Eds. National Cancer Institute, Environmental Protection Agency, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health