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Worker Exposure to Vinyl Chloride in Vinyl Chloride and Polyvinyl Chloride Production and Fabrication.

Authors
Jones-JH
Source
NIOSH 1977 Aug:196 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00121751
Abstract
In assessment of worker exposure to vinyl-chloride (75014) (VC) and polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) (PVC) was reported. Toxicological data were presented, including acute and chronic animal and human studies, as well as reported worker exposures. Common methods of VC production, including the acetylene-hydrogen-chloride, oxyhydrochlorination, and ethylene-dichloride pyrolysis processes were described. A description of PVC polymerization processes, including suspension, emulsion, bulk and solution polymerization, were presented. A study to determine worker exposure to VC in monomer, polymerization and fabrication plants was described. Monomer and fabrication plant personnel had generally low levels of VC exposure, as compared to workers in polymerization plants. Workers in polymerization plants had the highest VC exposures. The author concludes that VC concentrations in polymerization plants are hazardous to the workers.
Keywords
Chlorinated-ethylenes; Medical-research; Industrial-processes; Industrial-hygiene; Occupational-medicine; Toxicology;
CAS No.
75-01-4; 9002-86-2;
Publication Date
19770801
Fiscal Year
1977
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-116053
NTIS Price
A10
Source Name
NIOSH, U.S. Department of H.E.W., Cincinnati, Ohio, 196 pages, 139 references
State
OH;
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