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Self-protective measures against workplace hazards.

Authors
Cohen-A; Smith-MJ; Anger-WK
Source
J Saf Res 1979 Sep; 11(3):121-131
NIOSHTIC No.
00117510
Abstract
Various approaches for fostering self protective measures against workplace hazards are reviewed. Techniques for eliciting, shaping, and maintaining specific worker behaviors of safe working practices and self protective measures are described. Examples of the directive type approach are presented. Training is discussed as the universal approach and important contingent reinforcement strategies and principles are explained. Promotional techniques for achieving attitude change and increased awareness of self protective behavior are described as part of the nondirected approach. Communication, incentive, and management style factors are discussed. Supportive evidence for the various approaches as derived from field studies is evaluated. The authors conclude training remains the fundamental method for effecting self protection against workplace hazards, while contingent reinforcement strategies have great potential for shaping self protective behaviors. A combination of directive and nondirective strategies represents an optimum approach.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Industrial-hazards; Safety-practices; Work-practices; Occupational-health-programs; Safety-education; Psychological-factors; Workplace-studies; Protective-equipment
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
19790901
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1979
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0022-4375
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
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