Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-80-060-868, ITT Grinnel Corporation, Columbia, Pennsylvania.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 80-060-868, 1981 May; :1-13
Environmental sampling was conducted, medical questionnaires were administered, and reported cases of skin rashes and heart attacks were investigated at the ITT Grinnel Corporation (SIC-3225) in Columbia, Pennsylvania, on March 13, 1980 and during August, 1980. A representative of the International Molders and Allied Workers Union, Local 376, requested the evaluation following the death of a battery maintenance worker from lung cancer, and on behalf of approximately 235 affected workers in the Tapping, Testing, and Core making departments. Oil mist concentrations in the tapping department ranged from nondetectable to 3.0 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/cu m), compared with the OSHA permissible limit of 5.0mg/cu m. Skin irritations reported by workers in the testing department may have been caused by a hydraulic testing fluid containing triethanolamine (102716), as well as a possible irritating bacteriocide. No pathogenic bacteria were found. No carcinogens that may have caused the lung cancer in the battery maintenance worker were detected. Almost 17 percent of the core workers had histories of heart disease compared with only four percent of the workers in the tapping and testing departments. The authors conclude that the excess of heart disease among workers in the core making department is not definitive, but suggests an elevated risk of heart disease in this group, possibly resulting from prior exposure to crystalline silica. They recommend control measures to minimize exposure to skin irritants, and testing of cutting fluid products for impurities.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-80-060-868; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Health-surveys; Air-sampling; Skin-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Industrial-hygiene;
Author Keywords: Steel Foundries; battery maintenance; sulfuric acid; machining operations; cutting fluids; nitrosamines; dermititis; triethanolamine; Pseudomonas paucimobilis; cardiovascular disease; silicosis
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health