Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Anesthetic exposure and health of dental personnel.

Authors
Cohen-EN
Source
Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University, Stanford, California 1980 Jan; :1-13
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00115793
Abstract
The results of an epidemiologic survey on health hazards in dentistry (SIC-8021) were summarized. The project was designed to determine possible health hazards to dentists and assistants; the contribution of anesthetic gases, particularly nitrous-oxide (10024972), to health problems; the effects of cigarette smoking on fetal viability and abnormalities; and the fetotoxic effects of anesthesia exposure during pregnancy. The 30,650 dentists and 30,547 assistants surveyed by mail were grouped according to anesthetic exposure. Increased rates for liver disease, kidney disease, an neurological disorders among male dentists were found. In wives of male dentists exposed to anesthetics, a 1.5 fold increase in the incidence of spontaneous abortion was noted. For dental assistants a 2.3-fold increase in spontaneous abortion occurred. Chronic exposure to nitrous-oxide was associated with an increase in adverse response. Surgical exposures of pregnant women to anesthetics resulted in a 57 percent fetal loss in women exposed during the first trimester, but no increase in congenital defects among the offspring. A 27 percent increase in spontaneous abortion was found for dental assistants who smoked and 21 percent increase occurred in smoking wives of dentists. Congenital abnormalities occurred in 34 percent of the babies born to dental assistants who smoked.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Reproductive-system-disorders; Health-survey; Epidemiology; Reproductive-effects; Toxic-gases; Medical-personnel; Dentistry; Anesthesiology; Sedatives; Anesthetization; Toxicology
Contact
Anesthesia Stanford University Department of Anesthesia Stanford, Calif 94305
CAS No.
10024-97-2
Publication Date
19800101
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
384246
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1980
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-247655
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00775
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Reproductive-system-disorders
SIC Code
8021
Source Name
Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University, Stanford, California
State
CA
Performing Organization
Stanford University, Stanford, California
TOP