Hazards associated with the Hyde Park Landfill in Niagara County, New York, and with occupational exposures at three nearby industries were surveyed between June and August, 1979. Breathing zone, dust, and sediment samples were collected in and around NL Industries, Incorporated (SIC-3399), Niagara Steel Finishing Company (SIC-3312), and Greif Brothers Corporation (SIC-3412). Current and former employees of the three companies, as well as local residents, were given medical examinations. Lindane (58899), mirex (2385855), and dioxins were found in parts per billion concentrations in settled dust samples collected from rafters at all three industries, and substantial concentrations were found in sediment from an abandoned elevator shaft at NL Industries and in sediment from Bloody Creek Run as it flowed through a conduit under Greif Brothers Corporation. Several hazardous occupational exposures were identified at NL Industries, and hazardous occupational exposures to copper fume were found at Niagara Steel Finishing Company. No occupational health hazards were found at Greif Brothers Corporation. The subjects reported a significant prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms, gastrointestinal surgery, skin problems, and respiratory symptoms. Three subjects had blood lindane concentrations greater than 0.5 part per billion. The authors conclude that the landfill does not present an immediate health hazard.
NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cicinnati, Ohio, 81 pages, 6 references