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HHE determination report no. HHE-78-98-710, Globe Union Battery Plant, Bennington, Vermont.

Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 78-98-710, 1980 Jul; :1-59
An environmental and medical survey was conducted from January 29 to February 2, 1979 at the Globe Union Battery Company in Bennington, Vermont, to determine employee exposures to lead (7439921), arsenic (7440382), antimony (7440360), sulfuric-acid (7664939), arsine (7784421), stibine (7803523), and benzene soluble polynuclear- aromatic-hydrocarbons (PNAH). A representative of the United Automotive, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers Union requested the evaluation on behalf of approximately 230 production workers. Lead concentrations in 172 of 342 personal air samples equaled or exceeded the proposed OSHA standard of 50 micrograms per cubic meter. Arsenic concentrations in 5 of 344 samples equaled or exceeded the OSHA standard of 10 micrograms per cubic meter. PNAHs were excessive. No excessive exposures were found for any other substances. Numerous flaws in the ventilation system were detected. Blood lead concentrations of 60 micrograms per deciliter or above were found in 19 of 143 workers and 63 workers had concentrations of 40 to 59 micrograms per deciliter. Urine arsenic concentrations of 50 micrograms per liter or above were found in 53 of 122 workers; 11 had concentrations of 100 micrograms per liter or above. Elevated blood urea nitrogen concentrations were found in 21 of 143 workers, possibly suggesting lead induced kidney disease. The author concludes that hazards from lead and arsenic exposure exist at this facility. Efforts to control lead exposure should focus initially on specific job categories where mean airborne lead concentrations exceed 100 micrograms per cubic meter. Numerous specific industrial hygiene and ventilation improvements also are suggested.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-78-98-710; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-1; Storage-batteries; Metallic-poisons; Air-contamination; Workplace-studies; Standards; Health-surveys; Control-methods; Author Keywords: lead; arsenic; antimony; sulfuric acid; arsine; stibine; benzene-soluble polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons; PNAH; blood lead; erythrocyte protoporphyrin; EP; urine arsenic; blood urea nitrogen; BUN
7439-92-1; 7440-38-2; 7440-36-0; 7664-93-9; 7784-42-1; 7803-52-3
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Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health