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HHE determination report no. HHE-79-146-670, Cincinnati, College of Mortuary Science, Embalming Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Authors
Johnson-PL
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-146-670, 1980 Mar; :1-12
NIOSHTIC No.
00095236
Abstract
Environmental and personal air samples were collected on October 2, 1979 at the Embalming Laboratory of the Cincinnati College of Mortuary Science, (SIC-8221) to determine exposure to embalming chemicals. Measurements also were made to determine the efficiency of the ventilation system. The evaluation was prompted by the early disability retirement of one of five embalming instructors. Analysis of environmental samples indicated no phenol (108952) overexposure. Two of three area samples for formaldehyde (50000) exceeded the current 8 hour OSHA standard of 3.0 parts per million (ppm). Most of the full-time employees had positive histories of hay fever allergies. At this time, the ventilation system was not fully operational. During conditions requiring increased use and concentrations of embalming fluids, all employees suffered burning eyes and nose, lacrimation, cough, headache, and dryness of mouth and throat. NIOSH concluded that a hazard from overexposure to embalming chemicals, including formaldehyde, did exist. Recommendations include the use of protective clothing and evaluation of the present exhaust system. A formaldehyde meter with an audible alarm system should be installed to indicate concentrations above 1.0 ppm.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HHE-79-146-670; Region-5; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Colleges; Hazards-Confirmed; Funeral-service; Morticians; Aldehydes; Carcinogens; Organic-solvents; Work-practices; Air-sampling; Air-contaminants; Allergic-reactions; Personal-protective-clothing; Author Keywords: embalming fluids; formaldehyde; ventilation
CAS No.
108-95-2; 50-00-0
Publication Date
19800301
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1980
NTIS Accession No.
PB80-192099
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HHE-79-146-670
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
8221
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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