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HHE determination report no. HHE-78-136-643, Kennecott Smelter, Garfield, Utah.

Authors
Gunter-BJ; Elesh-E
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 78-136-643, 1979 Dec; :1-16
NIOSHTIC No.
00092892
Abstract
Breathing zone and general room air samples were collected and analyzed for arsenic (7440382), copper (7440508), lead (7439921), molybdenum (7439987) and selenium (7782492) content at the Kennecott Smelter (SIC-3331) in Garfield, Utah, on October 25 and 26 and December 13 and 14, 1978; and January 8 to 11, 1979 at the request of a representative from Local 4347, U.S. Steelworkers, on behalf of approximately 150 affected workers. Medical evaluations were conducted for 40 workers. Air samples were analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Concentrations of lead, arsenic, and copper exceeded the OSHA standards of 0.05, 0.01, and 1.0 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3), respectively. No overexposures to molybdenum or selenium were found. Medical evaluations confirmed respiratory system complaints, including nasal and lung irritation with or without breathing difficulties. Ten men had unacceptably high blood-lead levels. The authors conclude that approximately 20 percent of the workers were overexposed to arsenic, lead, and copper, and a health hazard did exist in the reactor areas. The most serious health hazard was an inadequate respirator program. Recommendations resulting from the evaluation included environmental and engineering control improvements, use of personal protective equipment, housekeeping improvements, and careful medical surveillance.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HHE-78-136-643; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Primary-nonferrous-metals; Hazard-Confirmed; Copper-smelters; Exposure-limits; Unions; Physiological-effects; Respiratory-system-disorders; Skin-disorders; Biological-monitoring; Chemical-exposure; Region-8; Author Keywords: arsenic; lead; copper; molybdenum; selenium; sulfur dioxide; blood lead level; eye irritation; headaches; mucosal inflammation; urine arsenic
CAS No.
7440-38-2; 7440-50-8; 7439-92-1; 7439-98-7; 7782-49-2
Publication Date
19791201
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1980
NTIS Accession No.
PB80-163231
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HHE-78-136-643
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3331
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
UT; OH
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