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Development of performance criteria for protective clothing used against carcinogenic liquids.

Authors
Coletta-GC; Schwope-AD; Arons-IJ; King-JW; Sivak-A
Source
NIOSH 1978 Oct; :1-115
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00092800
Abstract
Performance criteria were compiled for the protection of workers during at least 60 minutes of continuous contact while producing, using, or transporting carcinogenic liquids. A simple experimental procedure was developed to measure liquid chemical permeation of protective clothing. The procedure was used to evaluate the barrier properties of polymeric materials against trichloroethylene (79016), epichlorohydrin (106898), coal-tar-creosote (8001589), benzene (71432), 4,4-methylene-bis(2-chloroanaline) (101144) in solvent, ethylenimine (151564), 1,1-dimethylhydrazine (57147), 2-nitropropane (79469), beta-propiolactone (57578), and hexamethylphosphoramide (680319). Breakthrough times, steady state fluxes, and chemical solubilities were measured. The authors conclude that protection could be substantially improved if comprehensive performance profiles were compiled and made available for the design and specification of protective clothing. Permeation testing against specific chemicals to be handled should be performed over the range of anticipated exposure conditions.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-76-0130; Chemicals-and-allied-products; Protective-measures; Hazardous-materials; Protective-clothing; Toxic-substances; Exposure-limits; Safety-practices; Chemical-properties; Permeability; Personal-protection; Safety-measures; Standards
CAS No.
79-01-6; 106-89-8; 8001-58-9; 71-43-2; 101-14-4; 151-56-4; 57-14-7; 79-46-9; 57-57-8; 680-31-9
Publication Date
19781001
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1979
NTIS Accession No.
PB-299318
NTIS Price
A07
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 79-106; Contract-210-76-0130
NIOSH Division
DPSE
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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