Blue-Collar Stressors. Workplace Stress, Reforms, and Prospects.
NIOSH 1978 Apr:73-85
Stress in the worklives of America's 35 million workers appears to have three major sources: anxiety over joblessness (actual or threatened); anxiety over workplace accidents or work linked illnesses (present day or prospective); and anxiety over work role insults to one's adulthood (real or imagined). Linked together here are a time honored stressor (job insecurity), a relatively new concern (job safety and health protection as a right), and a third topic so slippery and modish (job linked self-esteem) as to cause psychological stress in the mere effort to pin it down, much less to address it constructively. As important as these items are, they fall in place of significance behind the fear of being forced on welfare, being disabled or killed at work, or being denied the prerogatives of adulthood as a worker. Taken together these three stressors sorely tax blue-collar workers in America and abroad, and indicate the need for a remedial reform task likely to confound industrial health personnel for decades. While progress in reform strikes advocates as considerable, and includes the likes of new campaign issues (flextime arrangements), old campaign issues (lifetime work guarantees), and fresh legislative aids (OSHA), resistance remains dominant. It is suggested that prospects appear small for significant occupational stress reduction in the foreseeable future. How and why this is so in the case of job loss fears, safety and health fears, and self esteem misgivings is explored in some depth.
Contract-210-77-0041; NIOSH-Publication; Psychological-factors; Psychological-stress; Occupational-psychology; Industrial-factory-workers; Occupations;
Reducing Occupational Stress, Proceedings of a Conference May 10-12, 1971, at the Westchester Division, New York Medical Center, White Plains, New York, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Oh, DHEW Publication No. 78-140, NIOSH Contract No. 210-77-0041