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A morbidity survey of respiratory symptoms and functions among Utah beauticians.

Authors
Palmer-A
Source
PhD Thesis, College of Health, University of Utah, 1974 Aug; :1-163
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00073556
Abstract
Medical examinations and questionnaires were given to 250 student and 250 graduate female cosmetologists in Utah to determine any increased risk of developing pulmonary dysfunction. X-rays, diffusion tests and vital capacity tests showed the prevalence of the thesaurosis sarcoidosis syndrome to be 4.6 percent among the cosmetologists, a significant increase over that among the 500 non- occupationally exposed controls. Sputum atypia was significantly increased in the cosmetologists, with those in small salons showing the highest prevalence. Chronic respiratory disease, as defined by the questionnaire, was significantly higher among cosmetologists, especially those in small salons. Terminal air flow rates and closing volumes corroborated these findings. Those with allergies were at increased risk. Cosmetologists used more beauty and household aerosols than controls. There were significant correlations between phlegm production and hair spray and breath freshener use among the cosmetologists. Highest particulate concentrations were found in small salons. There was a significant relationship between prevalence of sarcoid symptoms and environmental concentration of particulates for areas. Individual particulate concentrations were also significantly associated with chronic respiratory disease. Control measures concerning medical monitoring and air quality control are suggested.
Keywords
Air-pollution; Cosmetics-industry; Cosmetics-workers; Hair-sprays; Respiratory-functions; Physiological-function; Respiratory-system-disorders; Health; Hairdressers; Surveys; Aerosols; Hazards; Cosmetics; Beauticians;
Publication Date
19740801
Document Type
Dissertation
Fiscal Year
1974
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
PhD Thesis, College of Health, University of Utah
State
UT
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