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The effects of selected psychosocial factors on the self-reporting of pulmonary symptoms.

Authors
Wright-DD; Kane-RL; Olsen-DM; Smith-TJ
Source
J Chronic Dis 1977 Apr; 30(4):195-206
NIOSHTIC No.
00071531
Abstract
Smelter and mine workers (1110) responded to an interviewer- administered questionnaire on symptoms and attitudes and performed pulmonary function tests measuring forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV) and forced vital capacity (FVC). The correspondence between self-reported respiratory symptoms and measured pulmonary function was found to be significantly related to three psychosocial factors: lack of hypochondriasis, high job satisfaction, and low life stress. All three factors were significantly related to each other. The effects of age, smoking history, work location and years of work (reflecting exposure to sulfur dioxide) were also tested. Ninety six per cent of the subjects whose symptoms did not correspond with their measured pulmonary function overreported symptoms relative to impairment. Overreporting was significantly related to low job satisfaction. These findings support the hypothesis that some psychosocial factors may provide useful indicators of the validity of medical questionnaires. (Contract-099- 72-134)
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-72-0134; Miners; Industrial-factory-workers; Smelting; Respiratory-system-disorders; Sociological-factors; Psychological-factors; Respiratory-function-tests
CODEN
JOCDAE
Publication Date
19770401
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1977
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-099-72-0134
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0021-9681
Priority Area
Respiratory-system-disorders
Source Name
Journal of Chronic Diseases
State
UT
Performing Organization
University of Utah
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