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Evaluation of occupational hazards from industrial radiation: a survey of selected states.

Authors
Cohen-SC; Kinsman-S; Maccabee-HD
Source
NIOSH 1976 Dec; :1-90
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00070003
Abstract
The occupational hazards from industrial ionizing radiation sources are evaluated from 10 state radiological control offices and a commercial dosimetry service. The 10 states, California, Colorado, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Texas, contain approximately 50 percent of the industrial x-ray facilities, 45 percent of the accelerators (medical and non-medical), and 90 percent of the industrial radium facilities in the entire United States. Hazards were assessed by an analysis of reported incidents, inspections and citations, and cause of incidents, although less than one incident per year per state were reported and, confirmed. The frequency of inspections of x-ray facilities, approximately once every seven years, was comparable to that of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in regulating radioactive materials, with an average of one citation per inspection. The mean whole body exposure from x-ray sources was less than one half that of workers in nuclear reactors licensed by the NRC, whereas the mean exposure to workers using radium (7440144) sources was roughly of the same magnitude. Although the effectiveness of state programs in regulating these sources appears generally comparable to that of the NRC in regulating radioactive materials, the evaluation of hazards is possibly severely constrained by limitations in the availability of data. Recommendations are given concerning accurate and uniform reporting methods, a training manual for operators that includes safety considerations, unannounced inspections, unreported incidents and unregistered facilities. (Contract No. 210-75-0071)
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0071; Radiation-hazards; Radiation-control; Evaluations; Radiation-sources; Radiation-facilities; Radiation-exposure;
CAS No.
7440-14-4;
Publication Date
19761201
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1977
NTIS Accession No.
PB-274198
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 77-142; Contract-210-75-0071
NIOSH Division
DBBS
Source Name
Physical Agents Effects Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio
State
CA; CO; IL; LA; MD
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