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Research Study on Bis(chloromethyl) Ether Formation and Detection in Selected Work Environments.

Authors
Yao-CC; Miller-GC
Source
NIOSH 1976 Sep:153 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00068908
Abstract
The mechanisms of bis-(chloromethyl)-ether (542881) formation in gas phase and in polar and nonpolar condensed phases are studied. Activation energies for formation in gas phases, in carbon- tetrachloride (56235), and methylene-chloride are 19.8, 18.9, and 5.25 kilocalories per mole, respectively. An evaluation of the bis- (chloromethyl)-ether trapping techniques and analytical methods is included. No detectable bis(chloromethyl)-ether was found in on site surveys of two textile finishing plants, a fertilizer plant, two dye manufacturing plants, two foundries, and a hospital procedure resin production laboratory. The highest amounts of formaldehyde (50000), 6ppm, were found in foundry and dye manufacturing plants; only 1 to 2ppm were found in other industries. The highest total chloride, 21ppm, was found in a fertilizer plant; only 1 to 3ppm, if at all, were found in other industries. (Contract No. 210-75-0056)
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0056; Haloalkyl-ethers; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Ethers; Air-contaminants; Textiles-industry; Chemical-industry; Chemical-reactions; Carcinogens;
CAS No.
542-88-1; 56-23-5; 50-00-0;
Publication Date
19760917
Funding Type
Contract;
Fiscal Year
1976
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-174102
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
Contract-210-75-0056
Source Name
Launch Support Division, Bendix Corporation, Cocoa Beach, Florida, NIOSH Contract No. 210-75-0056, 153 pages, 27 references
State
FL;
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