Mortality among coal miners covered by the UMWA health and retirement funds.
NIOSH 1975 Dec; :1-142
This report is a summary of the analyses of cause specific mortality within the coal mining industry. The data provide information regarding mortality in the United States coal miner as compared to the total United States male population. The overall mortality of coal miners in not excessively high. Major elevated risks are nonmalignant respiratory diseases, accidents, and stomach cancer. Nonmalignant respiratory diseases with high ratios include emphysema, asthma, and tuberculosis. An exact ratio could not be computed for pneumoconiosis, but even a conservative estimate would be very high. No significantly high excess is noted for any subcategory of cardiovascular disease. Diabetes appears in a large proportion of times as a contributory cause for death in coal miner than for the other populations. In most cases, it is impossible to determine whether differences in mortality patterns are due to differences in the coal mining populations or just a reflection of different mortality patterns for the total population. One exception is pneumoconiosis, as it is primarily an occupational disease. (Contract No. 099-73-0080)
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-73-0080; Mining-industry; Mortality-data; Health-statistics; Epidemiology; Respiratory-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Etiology; Hazards; Cancer; Statistics
Final Contract Report
NTIS Accession No.
NIOSH Contract No. 099-73-0080, 142 pages, 61 references