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Psychological, behavioral, and organizational factors affecting coal miner safety and health.

Authors
Pfeifer-CM Jr.; Stefanski-JL; Grether-CB
Source
Westinghouse Behavioral Services Center, Columbia, Maryland, Technical Report BSC-5 1976 Jul; :1-316
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00068654
Abstract
A wide scale survey was carried out to determine the psychological, behavioral and organization variables which may have an impact on safety and health in the mines. Fifteen pairs of mines were selected for inclusion in the survey, with one high-accident mine and one low-accident mine in each pair. Responses of personnel in high-accident mines were compared with responses of personnel in low- accident mines. Separate survey instruments were developed for use with each of seven distinct samples: underground miners, above- ground miners, union officials, foremen, safety directors, managers, and miners' wives. Survey results indicated that a number of alternative strategies are worth exploring in an attempt to further reduce accidents an/ illness in the coal industry. These strategies include organizational development techniques, work organization, training, behavioral programs to increase the frequency of safe job behaviors, redesign of safety equipment, improvements in company safety programs, and programs to reduce occupational stress. (Contract No. 099-72-0151)
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; Coal-mining; Occupational-accidents; Safety-training; Industrial-health-programs; Accident-proneness; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Safety-measures; Psychological-factors; Mental-processes; Safety-personnel; Work-planning; Safety-attitudes; Safety-engineering; Contract-099-72-0151
Publication Date
19760701
Document Type
Final Contract Report
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1976
NTIS Accession No.
PB-275599
NTIS Price
A15
Identifying No.
Contract-099-72-0151
Source Name
Westinghouse Behavioral Services Center, Columbia, Maryland, Technical Report BSC-5
State
MD
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