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HHE determination report no. HHE-76-24-350, Dana Corporation, Tipton, Illinois.

Authors
Kominsky-JR
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 76-24-350, 1976 Dec; :1-24
NIOSHTIC No.
00058639
Abstract
An evaluation of employee exposure to chlorinated solvent vapors generated at 3 degreaser operations was conducted at the Dana Corporation (SIC-3429, SIC-3711), based on the determination of airborne exposure levels of trichloroethylene and 1,1,1- trichloroethane (71556) and on medical data yielded by health questionnaires. The results show that the open-detrex and manpro degreaser operators are exposed to solvent levels of trichloroethylene (79016) exceeding the ceiling values. The exposure of the valve-guide operator to 1,1,1-trichloroethane was found to be nontoxic. Limited air monitoring of the solvents at the work areas around the respective degreasing operations failed to reveal the presence of toxic concentrations, although complaints of occasional nausea indicate possible toxic exposure during the summer months. Two cancer deaths could not be attributed to the exposure of the workers to trichloroethylene. Recommendations are made for control of employee exposure to trichloroethylene.
Keywords
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; HHE-76-24-350; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Air-quality-measurement; Air-contamination; Occupational-health; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Chlorinated-ethylenes; Exposure-limits; Industrial-chemicals; Toxic-chemicals; Industrial-processes; Chlorinated-ethanes; Control-measures; Breathing-zone; Toxicology; Author Keywords: chlorinated solvent vapors; trichloroethylene; 1,1,1-trichloroethane
CAS No.
71-55-6; 79-01-6
Publication Date
19761201
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1977
NTIS Accession No.
PB-273716
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HHE-76-24-350
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3429; 3711
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
IL; OH
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