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Environmental conditions in U.S. copper smelters.

Authors
Wagner-W
Source
NIOSH 1975 Apr; :1-40
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00055642
Abstract
An overview is presented of environmental conditions in the copper smelters operating in the United States through 1973 with data collected from surveys of the eight primary smelters. Airborne concentrations are included for arsenic, lead, zinc, copper, cadmium, molybdenum, and sulfur dioxide. Concentrations determined in the urine of smelters are included for arsenic, lead, copper, and cadmium. Airborne concentrations of sulfur dioxide were relatively high and variable in all smelters whereas concentrations of lead, zinc, cadmium, and molybdenum were consistantly low. Airborne coppers concentrations were relatively high in certain areas but occurred mostly as a non-respirable dust. Urine concentrations were not significantly higher than normal for arsenic, lead, and cadmium. The pararosaniline method and the hydrogen peroxide method are described for determining sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Analytical-methods; Air-quality-measurement; Urinalysis; Urine-chemistry; Trace-metals; Air-contamination; Primary-metallurgical-processes; Hazards; Airborne-dusts
CAS No.
7440-66-6; 7440-69-5; 7440-38-2; 7439-92-1; 7440-43-9; 7440-50-8; 7439-98-7
Publication Date
19750401
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
1975
NTIS Accession No.
PB-267432
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 75-158
NIOSH Division
DTS; DSHEFS
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
UT
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