By analysis of use/exposure data compiled for regulated toxic substances 10 industries and 12 common industrial operations were investigated to determine whether effective engineering controls exist to prevent excessive employee exposures to toxic agents utilized in the equipment and processes involved. Recommendations for engineering control research were developed which addressed identified needs. These recommendations were then prioritized according to their perceived capability to result in beneficial technology. The industries studied included pharmaceutical manufacturing, plastic and foam manufacturing, paint and coatings manufacturing and application, rubber production, pesticide manufacturing and application, adhesive manufacturing and application, dye and ink manufacturing, soap and detergent manufacturing, perfume manufacturing, and printing. The common industrial operations were abrasive machining; chemical processes; cleaning and maintenance; drying and curing oven use; grinding, crushing, and screening; laboratory operations; non-spray application of volatile substances; open-surface tank use; spray-finishing; coating and dyeing; and welding.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-74-0033; Toxicology; Control-measures; Working-conditions; Air-quality-control; Exposure-limits; Industrial-processes; Industrial-plants; Ventilation-systems; Safety-measures; Exhaust-ventilation; Chemical-processing-industry; Safety-engineering; Cosmetics-industry; Chemical-manufacturing-industry