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Pilot study for development of an occupational disease surveillance method.

Authors
Discher-DP; Kleinman-GD; Foster-FJ
Source
NIOSH 1975 May; :1-169
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00038210
Abstract
A pilot study to determine the usefulness of a survey method for obtaining data on occupational disease was conducted among workers in selected small industries in Oregon and Washington. Over 1,100 medical conditions were found among 908 participants: probable occupational, 31 percent; probable nonoccupational, 45 percent; doubtful occupational or can't evaluate, 14 percent; and suggestive history, 10 percent. Of 346 cases of probable occupational disease, hearing loss was most frequent, 28 percent; then skin, 18; lower respiratory conditions, 14; toxic and low grade toxic effects and nonsymptomatic conditions (mainly elevated blood lead) (7439921), 14; upper respiratory conditions, 11 percent; and eye conditions, 9 percent. Anemia, diseases of the musculoskeletal and connective tissues and other conditions accounted for the remaining 6 percent. Of the 908 workers participating in the medical survey, 258 workers were found with 346 cases of probable occupational disease, for a prevalence rate of 28.4 per 100 workers. Occupational exposures were determined for all workers in the survey. Those known to have been exposed to poorly controlled hazards had a higher prevalence rate.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-72-0069; Diagnostic-tests; Test-methods; Preventive-medicine; Respiratory-system-disorders; Skin-disorders; Lead-poisoning; Eye-disorders; Vision-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Blood-disorders; Connective-tissue-disorders; Epidemiology; Toxicity
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
19750501
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
1975
NTIS Accession No.
PB-267511
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 75-162; Contract-099-72-0069
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OR; WA
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