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Antihistamine effects on motor skills and vigilance.

Authors
Tichauer-ER; Harrison-LB
Source
Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Division of Biomechanics, New York University 1975 Jan; :1-119
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00036559
Abstract
Controlled studies were performed to measure the degree and the manner in which performance abilities of 12 females were affected by a nonprescription antihistamine compound, in two simulated industrial work tasks, one requiring vigilance and the other requiring sensory motor function. In the vigilance task, for subjects treated with the antihistamine, the differences in response time to three key lights were not statistically significant, although the investigation validated the hypothesis that missed responses would be statistically significant. Neither false responses nor purposeful eye movements achieved statistical significance. Dependent variables of the motor skills tasks also failed to achieve statistical significance. The results indicate that, for occupational safety and health, active bodily motion should be incorporated into inspection and monitoring tasks, even though such motion could be automated or machined out. Time period was statistically significant for all dependent variables of the vigilance task on the antihistamine day, while in the motor skills task time period was insignificant for all dependent variables.
Keywords
NIOSH-Grant; Drugs; Statistical-analysis; Alertness; Motor-functions; Task-performance; Human-factors-engineering; Light-stimulation; Motor-visual-performance; Sensory-perceptual-processes; Sensory-mechanisms
Contact
Center for Safety New York University 400 East 34 Street New York, N Y 10016
Publication Date
19750115
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
5555
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1975
NTIS Accession No.
PB90-115072
NTIS Price
A07
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-00432
NIOSH Division
OEP
Source Name
Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Division of Biomechanics, New York University
State
NY
Performing Organization
New York University, New York, New York
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